1. Jun Ma, Jianglin Wang, Xin Ai, Shengmin Zhang. Biomimetic self-assembly of apatite hybrid materials: From a single molecular template to bi-/multi-molecular templates. Biotechnology Advances, 2014, 32:744–760
Abstaract:The self-assembly of apatite and proteins is a critical process to induce the formation of the bones and teeth in vertebrates. Although hierarchical structures and biomineralization mechanisms of the mineralized tissues have been intensively studied, most researches focus on the self-assembly biomimetic route using one single-molecular template, while the natural bone is an outcome of a multi-molecular template co-assembly process. Inspired by such a mechanism in nature, a novel strategy based on multi-molecular template co-assembly for fabricating bone-like hybrid materials was firstly proposed by the authors. In this review article we have summarized the new trends from single-molecular template to bi-/multi-molecular template systems in biomimetic fabrication of apatite hybrid materials. So far, many novel apatite hybrid materials with controlled morphologies and hierarchical structures have been successfully achieved using bi-/multi-molecular template strategy, and are found to have multiple common features in comparison with natural mineralized tissues. The carboxyl, carbonyl and amino groups of the template molecules are identified to initiate the nucleation of calcium phosphate during the assembling process. For bi-/multi-molecular templates, the incorporation of multiple promotion sites for calcium and phosphate ions precisely enables to regulate the apatite nucleation from the early stage. The roles of acidic molecules and the synergetic effects of protein templates have been significantly recognized in recent studies. In addition, a specific attention is paid to self-assembling of apatite nanoparticles into ordered structures on tissue regenerative scaffolds due to their promising clinical applications ranging from implant grafts, coatings to drug and gene delivery
2.Y. Du, H. Liu, Q. Yang, S. Wang, J. Wang, J. Ma, I. Noh, A. G. Mikos, S. Zhang. Selective laser sintering scaffold with hierarchical architecture and gradient composition for osteochondral repair in rabbits. Biomaterials, 2017, 137:37-48
Abstract: Osteochondral defects cannot be adequately self-repaired due to the presence of the sophisticated hierarchical structure and the lack of blood supply in cartilage. Thus, one of the major challenges remaining in this field is the structural design of a biomimeticscaffold that satisfies the specific requirements for osteochondral repair. To address this hurdle, a bio-inspired multilayer osteochondral scaffold that consisted of the poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and the hydroxyapatite (HA)/PCL microspheres, was constructed via selective laser sintering (SLS) technique. The SLS-derived scaffolds exhibited an excellent biocompatibility to support cell adhesion and proliferation in vitro. The repair effect was evaluated by implanting the acellular multilayer scaffolds into osteochondral defects of a rabbit model. Our findings demonstrated that the multilayer scaffolds were able to induce articular cartilage formation by accelerating the early subchondral bone regeneration, and the newly formed tissues could well integrate with the native tissues. Consequently, the current study not only achieves osteochondral repair, but also suggests a promising strategy for the fabrication of bio-inspired multilayer scaffolds with well-designed architecture and gradient composition via SLS technique.
3.Y. Wang, J. Wang, H. Hao, M. Cai, S. Wang, J. Ma Y. Li, C. Mao and S. Zhang. In vitro and in vivo mechanism of bone tumor inhibition by selenium-doped bone mineral nanoparticles. ACS Nano, 2016, 11: 9927-9937
Abstract:Biocompatible tissue-borne crystalline nanoparticles releasing anticancer therapeutic inorganic elements are intriguing therapeutics holding the promise for both tissue repair and cancer therapy. However, how the therapeutic inorganic elements released from the lattice of such nanoparticles induce tumor inhibition remains unclear. Here we use selenium-doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (Se-HANs), which could potentially fill the bone defect generated from bone tumor removal while killing residual tumor cells, as an example to study the mechanism by which selenium released from the lattice of Se-HANs induces apoptosis of bone cancer cells in vitro and inhibits the growth of bone tumors in vivo. We found that Se-HANs induced apoptosis of tumor cells by an inherent caspase-dependent apoptosis pathway synergistically orchestrated with the generation of reactive oxygen species. Such mechanism was further validated by in vivoanimal evaluation in which Se-HANs tremendously induced tumor apoptosis to inhibit tumor growth while reducing systemic toxicity. Our work proposes a feasible paradigm toward the design of tissue-repairing inorganic nanoparticles that bear therapeutic ions in the lattice and can release them in vivo for inhibiting tumor formation.
4. Y. Wang, H. Hao,H. Liu, Y. F. Wang, Y. Li, G. Yang, J. Ma, C. Mao, and S. Zhang. Selenite-releasing bone mineral nanoparticles retard bone tumor growth and improve healthy tissue functions in vivo. Advanced Healthcare Materials, 2015, 4:1813–1818 [Front Cover Highlight]
Selenite-doped bone mineral nanoparticles can retard the growth of osteosarcoma in a nude mice model, through sustained release of selenite ions. The selenite ions released from the nanoparticles through a degradation-mediated fashion inhibit tumor metastasis. Blood routine analysis indicates that selenite ions can also improve the functions of liver, kidney, and heart.